The modern Municipality of Thespies is emanated from the joining of the old homonym Municipality with the communities Mavromati, Askri, Leontari and Neohori. The area has been inhabited permanently from the pre-historic years. In particular, at the antiquity, the ancient Thespies constituted an important city of Viotia. The ancient Thespies bear its name from Thespios, the son of Erehtea, or from the nymph Thespia, daughter of the “river Asopos”. The city played an important role in the battle of Thermopiles, fighting up to end, on the side of the 300 of Leonidas. The cities Lefktra, Kerisos (fortress of Thespies), Krefsis (seaport of Thespies) and Askri (or Askra), were part of Thespies. Askri was the homeland of Hisiodos, the great epic poet.
In Askri, a defensive tower of the 4th century b.C. and a part of the fortification ground, are saved in a good situation. The tower was probably built by the Thespians, just a little before the battle of Lefktra (371 b..C.), in order to check the movements of the Thebans.
The Acropolis of the ancient Krefsis is situated at the eastern side of the mountain Korompili. The fortification wall is maintained in a good situation. The towers dated from the 4th century b.C. At the opposite from the Acropilis, on the hill, there is a medieval tower dated from the 14th century a.C. From this tower the region beard later the name Erimokastro (which means in Greek: the desert castle) Holy Grove or Valley of the Muses. The most important monuments that were found in this area are: the theatre (dated from the end of 3rd b.C. century or the beginnings of the 2nd b.C. century), the Ionic gallery that was intended for the placing of the votive offerings for the Muses (3rd b.C. century), the altar of Muses (3rd b.C. century) and the pedestals of the statues of Muses. Today a few ruins from the above mentioned monuments, are saved in the area, while the pedestals of the statues of Muses are found in the Museum of Thebes.
A few kilometres, at the south-western of the village Panagia, near Askri, in an area full of vineyards, the temple of «Metamorphosis tou Sotiros» (Transfiguration of Saviour) or temple of "Christ" is found. It is estimated that the temple was built at the end of the 9th or the beginning of the 10th century a.C. For the reconstruction of the temple, building materials from ancient buildings of the region were used.
The archaeological collection of Thespies is found in the town hall of the city, where many findings are presented such as: findings from the archaeological area of the homonym ancient city, architectural members from the buildings of the ancient city, sculptures of the classic years, as well as signs from the archaic and the roman years.
A lot of olive cultivations, cotton-plants and vineyards, create a nice picture with different nuances of green.
You can enjoy your stay at Thespies, the days when local feasts (panyghiri), are organised: on 14 September «the Exaltation of the Holy Cross”, on 18 January the feast of Aghios Athanassios (Saint Athanassios). Also, in the area, a special event called “Traditions in the land of Muses” is organised.
Thespies is a pole of attraction for visitors who want to learn about the antiquity. For this reason some infrastructures have been created for the better stay and enjoy of the visitors. The area is known for the production of wine. There are a lot of wine factories, while recently a visiting wine factory was created in Askri.